PCRE - Perl Compatible Regular Expressions

Version: 
8.45 & 10.37
Release date: 
Saturday, 27 August, 2011

License:

Interface:

The PCRE library is a set of functions that implement regular expression pattern matching using the same syntax and semantics as Perl 5. PCRE has its own native API, as well as a set of wrapper functions that correspond to the POSIX regular expression API. The PCRE library is free, even for building proprietary software.

This software is distributed as RPM package.

Installation with rpm

This program is installable using the rpm package manager. See below for the install string. Required prerequisites are automatically processed by the package manager and, if needed, downloaded and installed.

pcre-doc-8.45-1.oc00 (08/04/2021)
Repository: Netlabs stable
pcre-8.45-1.oc00 (08/04/2021)
Repository: Netlabs stable
News about PCRE releases ------------------------ Note that this library (now called PCRE1) is now being maintained for bug fixes only. New projects are advised to use the new PCRE2 libraries. Release 8.44 12-February-2020 ----------------------------- This is a bug-fix release.
pcre2-syntax-10.37-1.oc00 (08/04/2021)
Repository: Netlabs stable
pcre-utf16-8.45-1.oc00 (08/04/2021)
Repository: Netlabs stable
pcre-utf32-8.45-1.oc00 (08/04/2021)
Repository: Netlabs stable
pcre-cpp-8.45-1.oc00 (08/04/2021)
Repository: Netlabs stable
pcre-devel-8.45-1.oc00 (08/04/2021)
Repository: Netlabs stable (note: development files, not needed by the end user)
pcre-static-8.45-1.oc00 (08/04/2021)
Repository: Netlabs stable
pcre-tools-8.45-1.oc00 (08/04/2021)
Repository: Netlabs stable
pcre-debuginfo-8.45-1.oc00 (08/04/2021)
Repository: Netlabs stable
pcre2-10.37-1.oc00 (08/04/2021)
Repository: Netlabs stable
README file for PCRE2 (Perl-compatible regular expression library) ------------------------------------------------------------------ PCRE2 is a re-working of the original PCRE1 library to provide an entirely new API. Since its initial release in 2015, there has been further development of the code and it now differs from PCRE1 in more than just the API. There are new features and the internals have been improved. The latest release of PCRE2 is available in three alternative formats from: https://ftp.pcre.org/pub/pcre/pcre2-10.xx.tar.gz https://ftp.pcre.org/pub/pcre/pcre2-10.xx.tar.bz2 https://ftp.pcre.org/pub/pcre/pcre2-10.xx.tar.zip There is a mailing list for discussion about the development of PCRE (both the original and new APIs) at pcre-dev@exim.org. You can access the archives and subscribe or manage your subscription here: https://lists.exim.org/mailman/listinfo/pcre-dev Please read the NEWS file if you are upgrading from a previous release. The contents of this README file are: The PCRE2 APIs Documentation for PCRE2 Contributions by users of PCRE2 Building PCRE2 on non-Unix-like systems Building PCRE2 without using autotools Building PCRE2 using autotools Retrieving configuration information Shared libraries Cross-compiling using autotools Making new tarballs Testing PCRE2 Character tables File manifest The PCRE2 APIs -------------- PCRE2 is written in C, and it has its own API. There are three sets of functions, one for the 8-bit library, which processes strings of bytes, one for the 16-bit library, which processes strings of 16-bit values, and one for the 32-bit library, which processes strings of 32-bit values. Unlike PCRE1, there are no C++ wrappers. The distribution does contain a set of C wrapper functions for the 8-bit library that are based on the POSIX regular expression API (see the pcre2posix man page). These are built into a library called libpcre2-posix. Note that this just provides a POSIX calling interface to PCRE2; the regular expressions themselves still follow Perl syntax and semantics. The POSIX API is restricted, and does not give full access to all of PCRE2's facilities. The header file for the POSIX-style functions is called pcre2posix.h. The official POSIX name is regex.h, but I did not want to risk possible problems with existing files of that name by distributing it that way. To use PCRE2 with an existing program that uses the POSIX API, pcre2posix.h will have to be renamed or pointed at by a link (or the program modified, of course). See the pcre2posix documentation for more details. Documentation for PCRE2 ----------------------- If you install PCRE2 in the normal way on a Unix-like system, you will end up with a set of man pages whose names all start with "pcre2". The one that is just called "pcre2" lists all the others. In addition to these man pages, the PCRE2 documentation is supplied in two other forms: 1. There are files called doc/pcre2.txt, doc/pcre2grep.txt, and doc/pcre2test.txt in the source distribution. The first of these is a concatenation of the text forms of all the section 3 man pages except the listing of pcre2demo.c and those that summarize individual functions. The other two are the text forms of the section 1 man pages for the pcre2grep and pcre2test commands. These text forms are provided for ease of scanning with text editors or similar tools. They are installed in <prefix>/share/doc/pcre2, where <prefix> is the installation prefix (defaulting to /usr/local). 2. A set of files containing all the documentation in HTML form, hyperlinked in various ways, and rooted in a file called index.html, is distributed in doc/html and installed in <prefix>/share/doc/pcre2/html. Building PCRE2 on non-Unix-like systems --------------------------------------- For a non-Unix-like system, please read the file NON-AUTOTOOLS-BUILD, though if your system supports the use of "configure" and "make" you may be able to build PCRE2 using autotools in the same way as for many Unix-like systems. PCRE2 can also be configured using CMake, which can be run in various ways (command line, GUI, etc). This creates Makefiles, solution files, etc. The file NON-AUTOTOOLS-BUILD has information about CMake. PCRE2 has been compiled on many different operating systems. It should be straightforward to build PCRE2 on any system that has a Standard C compiler and library, because it uses only Standard C functions. Building PCRE2 without using autotools -------------------------------------- The use of autotools (in particular, libtool) is problematic in some environments, even some that are Unix or Unix-like. See the NON-AUTOTOOLS-BUILD file for ways of building PCRE2 without using autotools. Building PCRE2 using autotools ------------------------------ The following instructions assume the use of the widely used "configure; make; make install" (autotools) process. To build PCRE2 on system that supports autotools, first run the "configure" command from the PCRE2 distribution directory, with your current directory set to the directory where you want the files to be created. This command is a standard GNU "autoconf" configuration script, for which generic instructions are supplied in the file INSTALL. Most commonly, people build PCRE2 within its own distribution directory, and in this case, on many systems, just running "./configure" is sufficient. However, the usual methods of changing standard defaults are available. For example: CFLAGS='-O2 -Wall' ./configure --prefix=/opt/local This command specifies that the C compiler should be run with the flags '-O2 -Wall' instead of the default, and that "make install" should install PCRE2 under /opt/local instead of the default /usr/local. If you want to build in a different directory, just run "configure" with that directory as current. For example, suppose you have unpacked the PCRE2 source into /source/pcre2/pcre2-xxx, but you want to build it in /build/pcre2/pcre2-xxx: cd /build/pcre2/pcre2-xxx /source/pcre2/pcre2-xxx/configure PCRE2 is written in C and is normally compiled as a C library. However, it is possible to build it as a C++ library, though the provided building apparatus does not have any features to support this. There are some optional features that can be included or omitted from the PCRE2 library. They are also documented in the pcre2build man page. . By default, both shared and static libraries are built. You can change this by adding one of these options to the "configure" command: --disable-shared --disable-static (See also "Shared libraries on Unix-like systems" below.) . By default, only the 8-bit library is built. If you add --enable-pcre2-16 to the "configure" command, the 16-bit library is also built. If you add --enable-pcre2-32 to the "configure" command, the 32-bit library is also built. If you want only the 16-bit or 32-bit library, use --disable-pcre2-8 to disable building the 8-bit library. . If you want to include support for just-in-time (JIT) compiling, which can give large performance improvements on certain platforms, add --enable-jit to the "configure" command. This support is available only for certain hardware architectures. If you try to enable it on an unsupported architecture, there will be a compile time error. If in doubt, use --enable-jit=auto, which enables JIT only if the current hardware is supported. . If you are enabling JIT under SELinux environment you may also want to add --enable-jit-sealloc, which enables the use of an executable memory allocator that is compatible with SELinux. Warning: this allocator is experimental! It does not support fork() operation and may crash when no disk space is available. This option has no effect if JIT is disabled. . If you do not want to make use of the default support for UTF-8 Unicode character strings in the 8-bit library, UTF-16 Unicode character strings in the 16-bit library, or UTF-32 Unicode character strings in the 32-bit library, you can add --disable-unicode to the "configure" command. This reduces the size of the libraries. It is not possible to configure one library with Unicode support, and another without, in the same configuration. It is also not possible to use --enable-ebcdic (see below) with Unicode support, so if this option is set, you must also use --disable-unicode. When Unicode support is available, the use of a UTF encoding still has to be enabled by setting the PCRE2_UTF option at run time or starting a pattern with (*UTF). When PCRE2 is compiled with Unicode support, its input can only either be ASCII or UTF-8/16/32, even when running on EBCDIC platforms. As well as supporting UTF strings, Unicode support includes support for the \P, \p, and \X sequences that recognize Unicode character properties. However, only the basic two-letter properties such as Lu are supported. Escape sequences such as \d and \w in patterns do not by default make use of Unicode properties, but can be made to do so by setting the PCRE2_UCP option or starting a pattern with (*UCP). . You can build PCRE2 to recognize either CR or LF or the sequence CRLF, or any of the preceding, or any of the Unicode newline sequences, or the NUL (zero) character as indicating the end of a line. Whatever you specify at build time is the default; the caller of PCRE2 can change the selection at run time. The default newline indicator is a single LF character (the Unix standard). You can specify the default newline indicator by adding --enable-newline-is-cr, --enable-newline-is-lf, --enable-newline-is-crlf, --enable-newline-is-anycrlf, --enable-newline-is-any, or --enable-newline-is-nul to the "configure" command, respectively. . By default, the sequence \R in a pattern matches any Unicode line ending sequence. This is independent of the option specifying what PCRE2 considers to be the end of a line (see above). However, the caller of PCRE2 can restrict \R to match only CR, LF, or CRLF. You can make this the default by adding --enable-bsr-anycrlf to the "configure" command (bsr = "backslash R"). . In a pattern, the escape sequence \C matches a single code unit, even in a UTF mode. This can be dangerous because it breaks up multi-code-unit characters. You can build PCRE2 with the use of \C permanently locked out by adding --enable-never-backslash-C (note the upper case C) to the "configure" command. When \C is allowed by the library, individual applications can lock it out by calling pcre2_compile() with the PCRE2_NEVER_BACKSLASH_C option. . PCRE2 has a counter that limits the depth of nesting of parentheses in a pattern. This limits the amount of system stack that a pattern uses when it is compiled. The default is 250, but you can change it by setting, for example, --with-parens-nest-limit=500 . PCRE2 has a counter that can be set to limit the amount of computing resource it uses when matching a pattern. If the limit is exceeded during a match, the match fails. The default is ten million. You can change the default by setting, for example, --with-match-limit=500000 on the "configure" command. This is just the default; individual calls to pcre2_match() or pcre2_dfa_match() can supply their own value. There is more discussion in the pcre2api man page (search for pcre2_set_match_limit). . There is a separate counter that limits the depth of nested backtracking (pcre2_match()) or nested function calls (pcre2_dfa_match()) during a matching process, which indirectly limits the amount of heap memory that is used, and in the case of pcre2_dfa_match() the amount of stack as well. This counter also has a default of ten million, which is essentially "unlimited". You can change the default by setting, for example, --with-match-limit-depth=5000 There is more discussion in the pcre2api man page (search for pcre2_set_depth_limit). . You can also set an explicit limit on the amount of heap memory used by the pcre2_match() and pcre2_dfa_match() interpreters: --with-heap-limit=500 The units are kibibytes (units of 1024 bytes). This limit does not apply when the JIT optimization (which has its own memory control features) is used. There is more discussion on the pcre2api man page (search for pcre2_set_heap_limit). . In the 8-bit library, the default maximum compiled pattern size is around 64 kibibytes. You can increase this by adding --with-link-size=3 to the "configure" command. PCRE2 then uses three bytes instead of two for offsets to different parts of the compiled pattern. In the 16-bit library, --with-link-size=3 is the same as --with-link-size=4, which (in both libraries) uses four-byte offsets. Increasing the internal link size reduces performance in the 8-bit and 16-bit libraries. In the 32-bit library, the link size setting is ignored, as 4-byte offsets are always used. . For speed, PCRE2 uses four tables for manipulating and identifying characters whose code point values are less than 256. By default, it uses a set of tables for ASCII encoding that is part of the distribution. If you specify --enable-rebuild-chartables a program called pcre2_dftables is compiled and run in the default C locale when you obey "make". It builds a source file called pcre2_chartables.c. If you do not specify this option, pcre2_chartables.c is created as a copy of pcre2_chartables.c.dist. See "Character tables" below for further information. . It is possible to compile PCRE2 for use on systems that use EBCDIC as their character code (as opposed to ASCII/Unicode) by specifying --enable-ebcdic --disable-unicode This automatically implies --enable-rebuild-chartables (see above). However, when PCRE2 is built this way, it always operates in EBCDIC. It cannot support both EBCDIC and UTF-8/16/32. There is a second option, --enable-ebcdic-nl25, which specifies that the code value for the EBCDIC NL character is 0x25 instead of the default 0x15. . If you specify --enable-debug, additional debugging code is included in the build. This option is intended for use by the PCRE2 maintainers. . In environments where valgrind is installed, if you specify --enable-valgrind PCRE2 will use valgrind annotations to mark certain memory regions as unaddressable. This allows it to detect invalid memory accesses, and is mostly useful for debugging PCRE2 itself. . In environments where the gcc compiler is used and lcov is installed, if you specify --enable-coverage the build process implements a code coverage report for the test suite. The report is generated by running "make coverage". If ccache is installed on your system, it must be disabled when building PCRE2 for coverage reporting. You can do this by setting the environment variable CCACHE_DISABLE=1 before running "make" to build PCRE2. There is more information about coverage reporting in the "pcre2build" documentation. . When JIT support is enabled, pcre2grep automatically makes use of it, unless you add --disable-pcre2grep-jit to the "configure" command. . There is support for calling external programs during matching in the pcre2grep command, using PCRE2's callout facility with string arguments. This support can be disabled by adding --disable-pcre2grep-callout to the "configure" command. There are two kinds of callout: one that generates output from inbuilt code, and another that calls an external program. The latter has special support for Windows and VMS; otherwise it assumes the existence of the fork() function. This facility can be disabled by adding --disable-pcre2grep-callout-fork to the "configure" command. . The pcre2grep program currently supports only 8-bit data files, and so requires the 8-bit PCRE2 library. It is possible to compile pcre2grep to use libz and/or libbz2, in order to read .gz and .bz2 files (respectively), by specifying one or both of --enable-pcre2grep-libz --enable-pcre2grep-libbz2 Of course, the relevant libraries must be installed on your system. . The default starting size (in bytes) of the internal buffer used by pcre2grep can be set by, for example: --with-pcre2grep-bufsize=51200 The value must be a plain integer. The default is 20480. The amount of memory used by pcre2grep is actually three times this number, to allow for "before" and "after" lines. If very long lines are encountered, the buffer is automatically enlarged, up to a fixed maximum size. . The default maximum size of pcre2grep's internal buffer can be set by, for example: --with-pcre2grep-max-bufsize=2097152 The default is either 1048576 or the value of --with-pcre2grep-bufsize, whichever is the larger. . It is possible to compile pcre2test so that it links with the libreadline or libedit libraries, by specifying, respectively, --enable-pcre2test-libreadline or --enable-pcre2test-libedit If this is done, when pcre2test's input is from a terminal, it reads it using the readline() function. This provides line-editing and history facilities. Note that libreadline is GPL-licenced, so if you distribute a binary of pcre2test linked in this way, there may be licensing issues. These can be avoided by linking with libedit (which has a BSD licence) instead. Enabling libreadline causes the -lreadline option to be added to the pcre2test build. In many operating environments with a sytem-installed readline library this is sufficient. However, in some environments (e.g. if an unmodified distribution version of readline is in use), it may be necessary to specify something like LIBS="-lncurses" as well. This is because, to quote the readline INSTALL, "Readline uses the termcap functions, but does not link with the termcap or curses library itself, allowing applications which link with readline the to choose an appropriate library." If you get error messages about missing functions tgetstr, tgetent, tputs, tgetflag, or tgoto, this is the problem, and linking with the ncurses library should fix it. . The C99 standard defines formatting modifiers z and t for size_t and ptrdiff_t values, respectively. By default, PCRE2 uses these modifiers in environments other than Microsoft Visual Studio when __STDC_VERSION__ is defined and has a value greater than or equal to 199901L (indicating C99). However, there is at least one environment that claims to be C99 but does not support these modifiers. If --disable-percent-zt is specified, no use is made of the z or t modifiers. Instead or %td or %zu, %lu is used, with a cast for size_t values. . There is a special option called --enable-fuzz-support for use by people who want to run fuzzing tests on PCRE2. At present this applies only to the 8-bit library. If set, it causes an extra library called libpcre2-fuzzsupport.a to be built, but not installed. This contains a single function called LLVMFuzzerTestOneInput() whose arguments are a pointer to a string and the length of the string. When called, this function tries to compile the string as a pattern, and if that succeeds, to match it. This is done both with no options and with some random options bits that are generated from the string. Setting --enable-fuzz-support also causes a binary called pcre2fuzzcheck to be created. This is normally run under valgrind or used when PCRE2 is compiled with address sanitizing enabled. It calls the fuzzing function and outputs information about it is doing. The input strings are specified by arguments: if an argument starts with "=" the rest of it is a literal input string. Otherwise, it is assumed to be a file name, and the contents of the file are the test string. . Releases before 10.30 could be compiled with --disable-stack-for-recursion, which caused pcre2_match() to use individual blocks on the heap for backtracking instead of recursive function calls (which use the stack). This is now obsolete since pcre2_match() was refactored always to use the heap (in a much more efficient way than before). This option is retained for backwards compatibility, but has no effect other than to output a warning. The "configure" script builds the following files for the basic C library: . Makefile the makefile that builds the library . src/config.h build-time configuration options for the library . src/pcre2.h the public PCRE2 header file . pcre2-config script that shows the building settings such as CFLAGS that were set for "configure" . libpcre2-8.pc ) . libpcre2-16.pc ) data for the pkg-config command . libpcre2-32.pc ) . libpcre2-posix.pc ) . libtool script that builds shared and/or static libraries Versions of config.h and pcre2.h are distributed in the src directory of PCRE2 tarballs under the names config.h.generic and pcre2.h.generic. These are provided for those who have to build PCRE2 without using "configure" or CMake. If you use "configure" or CMake, the .generic versions are not used. The "configure" script also creates config.status, which is an executable script that can be run to recreate the configuration, and config.log, which contains compiler output from tests that "configure" runs. Once "configure" has run, you can run "make". This builds whichever of the libraries libpcre2-8, libpcre2-16 and libpcre2-32 are configured, and a test program called pcre2test. If you enabled JIT support with --enable-jit, another test program called pcre2_jit_test is built as well. If the 8-bit library is built, libpcre2-posix and the pcre2grep command are also built. Running "make" with the -j option may speed up compilation on multiprocessor systems. The command "make check" runs all the appropriate tests. Details of the PCRE2 tests are given below in a separate section of this document. The -j option of "make" can also be used when running the tests. You can use "make install" to install PCRE2 into live directories on your system. The following are installed (file names are all relative to the <prefix> that is set when "configure" is run): Commands (bin): pcre2test pcre2grep (if 8-bit support is enabled) pcre2-config Libraries (lib): libpcre2-8 (if 8-bit support is enabled) libpcre2-16 (if 16-bit support is enabled) libpcre2-32 (if 32-bit support is enabled) libpcre2-posix (if 8-bit support is enabled) Configuration information (lib/pkgconfig): libpcre2-8.pc libpcre2-16.pc libpcre2-32.pc libpcre2-posix.pc Header files (include): pcre2.h pcre2posix.h Man pages (share/man/man{1,3}): pcre2grep.1 pcre2test.1 pcre2-config.1 pcre2.3 pcre2*.3 (lots more pages, all starting "pcre2") HTML documentation (share/doc/pcre2/html): index.html *.html (lots more pages, hyperlinked from index.html) Text file documentation (share/doc/pcre2): AUTHORS COPYING ChangeLog LICENCE NEWS README pcre2.txt (a concatenation of the man(3) pages) pcre2test.txt the pcre2test man page pcre2grep.txt the pcre2grep man page pcre2-config.txt the pcre2-config man page If you want to remove PCRE2 from your system, you can run "make uninstall". This removes all the files that "make install" installed. However, it does not remove any directories, because these are often shared with other programs. Retrieving configuration information ------------------------------------ Running "make install" installs the command pcre2-config, which can be used to recall information about the PCRE2 configuration and installation. For example: pcre2-config --version prints the version number, and pcre2-config --libs8 outputs information about where the 8-bit library is installed. This command can be included in makefiles for programs that use PCRE2, saving the programmer from having to remember too many details. Run pcre2-config with no arguments to obtain a list of possible arguments. The pkg-config command is another system for saving and retrieving information about installed libraries. Instead of separate commands for each library, a single command is used. For example: pkg-config --libs libpcre2-16 The data is held in *.pc files that are installed in a directory called <prefix>/lib/pkgconfig. Shared libraries ---------------- The default distribution builds PCRE2 as shared libraries and static libraries, as long as the operating system supports shared libraries. Shared library support relies on the "libtool" script which is built as part of the "configure" process. The libtool script is used to compile and link both shared and static libraries. They are placed in a subdirectory called .libs when they are newly built. The programs pcre2test and pcre2grep are built to use these uninstalled libraries (by means of wrapper scripts in the case of shared libraries). When you use "make install" to install shared libraries, pcre2grep and pcre2test are automatically re-built to use the newly installed shared libraries before being installed themselves. However, the versions left in the build directory still use the uninstalled libraries. To build PCRE2 using static libraries only you must use --disable-shared when configuring it. For example: ./configure --prefix=/usr/gnu --disable-shared Then run "make" in the usual way. Similarly, you can use --disable-static to build only shared libraries. Cross-compiling using autotools ------------------------------- You can specify CC and CFLAGS in the normal way to the "configure" command, in order to cross-compile PCRE2 for some other host. However, you should NOT specify --enable-rebuild-chartables, because if you do, the pcre2_dftables.c source file is compiled and run on the local host, in order to generate the inbuilt character tables (the pcre2_chartables.c file). This will probably not work, because pcre2_dftables.c needs to be compiled with the local compiler, not the cross compiler. When --enable-rebuild-chartables is not specified, pcre2_chartables.c is created by making a copy of pcre2_chartables.c.dist, which is a default set of tables that assumes ASCII code. Cross-compiling with the default tables should not be a problem. If you need to modify the character tables when cross-compiling, you should move pcre2_chartables.c.dist out of the way, then compile pcre2_dftables.c by hand and run it on the local host to make a new version of pcre2_chartables.c.dist. See the pcre2build section "Creating character tables at build time" for more details. Making new tarballs ------------------- The command "make dist" creates three PCRE2 tarballs, in tar.gz, tar.bz2, and zip formats. The command "make distcheck" does the same, but then does a trial build of the new distribution to ensure that it works. If you have modified any of the man page sources in the doc directory, you should first run the PrepareRelease script before making a distribution. This script creates the .txt and HTML forms of the documentation from the man pages. Testing PCRE2 ------------- To test the basic PCRE2 library on a Unix-like system, run the RunTest script. There is another script called RunGrepTest that tests the pcre2grep command. When JIT support is enabled, a third test program called pcre2_jit_test is built. Both the scripts and all the program tests are run if you obey "make check". For other environments, see the instructions in NON-AUTOTOOLS-BUILD. The RunTest script runs the pcre2test test program (which is documented in its own man page) on each of the relevant testinput files in the testdata directory, and compares the output with the contents of the corresponding testoutput files. RunTest uses a file called testtry to hold the main output from pcre2test. Other files whose names begin with "test" are used as working files in some tests. Some tests are relevant only when certain build-time options were selected. For example, the tests for UTF-8/16/32 features are run only when Unicode support is available. RunTest outputs a comment when it skips a test. Many (but not all) of the tests that are not skipped are run twice if JIT support is available. On the second run, JIT compilation is forced. This testing can be suppressed by putting "nojit" on the RunTest command line. The entire set of tests is run once for each of the 8-bit, 16-bit and 32-bit libraries that are enabled. If you want to run just one set of tests, call RunTest with either the -8, -16 or -32 option. If valgrind is installed, you can run the tests under it by putting "valgrind" on the RunTest command line. To run pcre2test on just one or more specific test files, give their numbers as arguments to RunTest, for example: RunTest 2 7 11 You can also specify ranges of tests such as 3-6 or 3- (meaning 3 to the end), or a number preceded by ~ to exclude a test. For example: Runtest 3-15 ~10 This runs tests 3 to 15, excluding test 10, and just ~13 runs all the tests except test 13. Whatever order the arguments are in, the tests are always run in numerical order. You can also call RunTest with the single argument "list" to cause it to output a list of tests. The test sequence starts with "test 0", which is a special test that has no input file, and whose output is not checked. This is because it will be different on different hardware and with different configurations. The test exists in order to exercise some of pcre2test's code that would not otherwise be run. Tests 1 and 2 can always be run, as they expect only plain text strings (not UTF) and make no use of Unicode properties. The first test file can be fed directly into the perltest.sh script to check that Perl gives the same results. The only difference you should see is in the first few lines, where the Perl version is given instead of the PCRE2 version. The second set of tests check auxiliary functions, error detection, and run-time flags that are specific to PCRE2. It also uses the debugging flags to check some of the internals of pcre2_compile(). If you build PCRE2 with a locale setting that is not the standard C locale, the character tables may be different (see next paragraph). In some cases, this may cause failures in the second set of tests. For example, in a locale where the isprint() function yields TRUE for characters in the range 128-255, the use of [:isascii:] inside a character class defines a different set of characters, and this shows up in this test as a difference in the compiled code, which is being listed for checking. For example, where the comparison test output contains [\x00-\x7f] the test might contain [\x00-\xff], and similarly in some other cases. This is not a bug in PCRE2. Test 3 checks pcre2_maketables(), the facility for building a set of character tables for a specific locale and using them instead of the default tables. The script uses the "locale" command to check for the availability of the "fr_FR", "french", or "fr" locale, and uses the first one that it finds. If the "locale" command fails, or if its output doesn't include "fr_FR", "french", or "fr" in the list of available locales, the third test cannot be run, and a comment is output to say why. If running this test produces an error like this: ** Failed to set locale "fr_FR" it means that the given locale is not available on your system, despite being listed by "locale". This does not mean that PCRE2 is broken. There are three alternative output files for the third test, because three different versions of the French locale have been encountered. The test passes if its output matches any one of them. Tests 4 and 5 check UTF and Unicode property support, test 4 being compatible with the perltest.sh script, and test 5 checking PCRE2-specific things. Tests 6 and 7 check the pcre2_dfa_match() alternative matching function, in non-UTF mode and UTF-mode with Unicode property support, respectively. Test 8 checks some internal offsets and code size features, but it is run only when Unicode support is enabled. The output is different in 8-bit, 16-bit, and 32-bit modes and for different link sizes, so there are different output files for each mode and link size. Tests 9 and 10 are run only in 8-bit mode, and tests 11 and 12 are run only in 16-bit and 32-bit modes. These are tests that generate different output in 8-bit mode. Each pair are for general cases and Unicode support, respectively. Test 13 checks the handling of non-UTF characters greater than 255 by pcre2_dfa_match() in 16-bit and 32-bit modes. Test 14 contains some special UTF and UCP tests that give different output for different code unit widths. Test 15 contains a number of tests that must not be run with JIT. They check, among other non-JIT things, the match-limiting features of the intepretive matcher. Test 16 is run only when JIT support is not available. It checks that an attempt to use JIT has the expected behaviour. Test 17 is run only when JIT support is available. It checks JIT complete and partial modes, match-limiting under JIT, and other JIT-specific features. Tests 18 and 19 are run only in 8-bit mode. They check the POSIX interface to the 8-bit library, without and with Unicode support, respectively. Test 20 checks the serialization functions by writing a set of compiled patterns to a file, and then reloading and checking them. Tests 21 and 22 test \C support when the use of \C is not locked out, without and with UTF support, respectively. Test 23 tests \C when it is locked out. Tests 24 and 25 test the experimental pattern conversion functions, without and with UTF support, respectively. Character tables ---------------- For speed, PCRE2 uses four tables for manipulating and identifying characters whose code point values are less than 256. By default, a set of tables that is built into the library is used. The pcre2_maketables() function can be called by an application to create a new set of tables in the current locale. This are passed to PCRE2 by calling pcre2_set_character_tables() to put a pointer into a compile context. The source file called pcre2_chartables.c contains the default set of tables. By default, this is created as a copy of pcre2_chartables.c.dist, which contains tables for ASCII coding. However, if --enable-rebuild-chartables is specified for ./configure, a new version of pcre2_chartables.c is built by the program pcre2_dftables (compiled from pcre2_dftables.c), which uses the ANSI C character handling functions such as isalnum(), isalpha(), isupper(), islower(), etc. to build the table sources. This means that the default C locale that is set for your system will control the contents of these default tables. You can change the default tables by editing pcre2_chartables.c and then re-building PCRE2. If you do this, you should take care to ensure that the file does not get automatically re-generated. The best way to do this is to move pcre2_chartables.c.dist out of the way and replace it with your customized tables. When the pcre2_dftables program is run as a result of specifying --enable-rebuild-chartables, it uses the default C locale that is set on your system. It does not pay attention to the LC_xxx environment variables. In other words, it uses the system's default locale rather than whatever the compiling user happens to have set. If you really do want to build a source set of character tables in a locale that is specified by the LC_xxx variables, you can run the pcre2_dftables program by hand with the -L option. For example: ./pcre2_dftables -L pcre2_chartables.c.special The second argument names the file where the source code for the tables is written. The first two 256-byte tables provide lower casing and case flipping functions, respectively. The next table consists of a number of 32-byte bit maps which identify certain character classes such as digits, "word" characters, white space, etc. These are used when building 32-byte bit maps that represent character classes for code points less than 256. The final 256-byte table has bits indicating various character types, as follows: 1 white space character 2 letter 4 lower case letter 8 decimal digit 16 alphanumeric or '_' You can also specify -b (with or without -L) when running pcre2_dftables. This causes the tables to be written in binary instead of as source code. A set of binary tables can be loaded into memory by an application and passed to pcre2_compile() in the same way as tables created dynamically by calling pcre2_maketables(). The tables are just a string of bytes, independent of hardware characteristics such as endianness. This means they can be bundled with an application that runs in different environments, to ensure consistent behaviour. See also the pcre2build section "Creating character tables at build time". File manifest ------------- The distribution should contain the files listed below. (A) Source files for the PCRE2 library functions and their headers are found in the src directory: src/pcre2_dftables.c auxiliary program for building pcre2_chartables.c when --enable-rebuild-chartables is specified src/pcre2_chartables.c.dist a default set of character tables that assume ASCII coding; unless --enable-rebuild-chartables is specified, used by copying to pcre2_chartables.c src/pcre2posix.c ) src/pcre2_auto_possess.c ) src/pcre2_compile.c ) src/pcre2_config.c ) src/pcre2_context.c ) src/pcre2_convert.c ) src/pcre2_dfa_match.c ) src/pcre2_error.c ) src/pcre2_extuni.c ) src/pcre2_find_bracket.c ) src/pcre2_jit_compile.c ) src/pcre2_jit_match.c ) sources for the functions in the library, src/pcre2_jit_misc.c ) and some internal functions that they use src/pcre2_maketables.c ) src/pcre2_match.c ) src/pcre2_match_data.c ) src/pcre2_newline.c ) src/pcre2_ord2utf.c ) src/pcre2_pattern_info.c ) src/pcre2_script_run.c ) src/pcre2_serialize.c ) src/pcre2_string_utils.c ) src/pcre2_study.c ) src/pcre2_substitute.c ) src/pcre2_substring.c ) src/pcre2_tables.c ) src/pcre2_ucd.c ) src/pcre2_valid_utf.c ) src/pcre2_xclass.c ) src/pcre2_printint.c debugging function that is used by pcre2test, src/pcre2_fuzzsupport.c function for (optional) fuzzing support src/config.h.in template for config.h, when built by "configure" src/pcre2.h.in template for pcre2.h when built by "configure" src/pcre2posix.h header for the external POSIX wrapper API src/pcre2_internal.h header for internal use src/pcre2_intmodedep.h a mode-specific internal header src/pcre2_ucp.h header for Unicode property handling sljit/* source files for the JIT compiler (B) Source files for programs that use PCRE2: src/pcre2demo.c simple demonstration of coding calls to PCRE2 src/pcre2grep.c source of a grep utility that uses PCRE2 src/pcre2test.c comprehensive test program src/pcre2_jit_test.c JIT test program (C) Auxiliary files: 132html script to turn "man" pages into HTML AUTHORS information about the author of PCRE2 ChangeLog log of changes to the code CleanTxt script to clean nroff output for txt man pages Detrail script to remove trailing spaces HACKING some notes about the internals of PCRE2 INSTALL generic installation instructions LICENCE conditions for the use of PCRE2 COPYING the same, using GNU's standard name Makefile.in ) template for Unix Makefile, which is built by ) "configure" Makefile.am ) the automake input that was used to create ) Makefile.in NEWS important changes in this release NON-AUTOTOOLS-BUILD notes on building PCRE2 without using autotools PrepareRelease script to make preparations for "make dist" README this file RunTest a Unix shell script for running tests RunGrepTest a Unix shell script for pcre2grep tests aclocal.m4 m4 macros (generated by "aclocal") config.guess ) files used by libtool, config.sub ) used only when building a shared library configure a configuring shell script (built by autoconf) configure.ac ) the autoconf input that was used to build ) "configure" and config.h depcomp ) script to find program dependencies, generated by ) automake doc/*.3 man page sources for PCRE2 doc/*.1 man page sources for pcre2grep and pcre2test doc/index.html.src the base HTML page doc/html/* HTML documentation doc/pcre2.txt plain text version of the man pages doc/pcre2test.txt plain text documentation of test program install-sh a shell script for installing files libpcre2-8.pc.in template for libpcre2-8.pc for pkg-config libpcre2-16.pc.in template for libpcre2-16.pc for pkg-config libpcre2-32.pc.in template for libpcre2-32.pc for pkg-config libpcre2-posix.pc.in template for libpcre2-posix.pc for pkg-config ltmain.sh file used to build a libtool script missing ) common stub for a few missing GNU programs while ) installing, generated by automake mkinstalldirs script for making install directories perltest.sh Script for running a Perl test program pcre2-config.in source of script which retains PCRE2 information testdata/testinput* test data for main library tests testdata/testoutput* expected test results testdata/grep* input and output for pcre2grep tests testdata/* other supporting test files (D) Auxiliary files for cmake support cmake/COPYING-CMAKE-SCRIPTS cmake/FindPackageHandleStandardArgs.cmake cmake/FindEditline.cmake cmake/FindReadline.cmake CMakeLists.txt config-cmake.h.in (E) Auxiliary files for building PCRE2 "by hand" src/pcre2.h.generic ) a version of the public PCRE2 header file ) for use in non-"configure" environments src/config.h.generic ) a version of config.h for use in non-"configure" ) environments Philip Hazel Email local part: Philip.Hazel Email domain: gmail.com Last updated: 04 December 2020
pcre2-utf16-10.37-1.oc00 (08/04/2021)
Repository: Netlabs stable
pcre2-utf32-10.37-1.oc00 (08/04/2021)
Repository: Netlabs stable
pcre2-devel-10.37-1.oc00 (08/04/2021)
Repository: Netlabs stable (note: development files, not needed by the end user)
pcre2-static-10.37-1.oc00 (08/04/2021)
Repository: Netlabs stable
pcre2-tools-10.37-1.oc00 (08/04/2021)
Repository: Netlabs stable
pcre2-debuginfo-10.37-1.oc00 (08/04/2021)
Repository: Netlabs stable
Record updated last time on: 15/03/2022 - 19:19

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